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Alexander Cruden was born 11/1/1699 (‘70?) in Scotland. He prepared to study for the ministry but suffered mental breakdowns (briefly confined to an asylum:1720, 1738 & 1753). Between hospitalizations Cruden worked as a tutor, a bookseller and a proofreader.
He opened his own bookshop in London in 1732. In 1737 he published the first edition of his classic work, A Complete Concordance of the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments; published two more editions before his death.